What are typical infant and toddler milestones?

During the first years of life, infants and toddlers are entirely dependent on their caregivers and cannot do anything by themselves. So, it is not uncommon for caregivers to feel tired, worried, or insecure with the challenges they face with their babies. However, infants and toddlers are fast learners and with care, attention, demonstration of affection, and cheering on, they quickly achieve many milestones. With some support, patience, and information on what to expect from your baby, these years can also be fun and filled with new discoveries.

There are multiple  milestones that full term infants are expected to achieve during their first year of life. Below, we list the main gross motor, fine motor, language, and social milestones babies up to 1 year old should achieve:


Gross Motor Milestones

Fine Motor Milestones

Language Milestones

Social Milestones

1 month

Picking up chin while laying on tummy

Making fists close to the face

Producing throaty little sounds, startle response to sounds

Recognizes caregiver’s voice

2 months

Holds head upright momentarily while sitting 

Briefly holding an object when placed in hand by caregiver

Cooing, babbling

Social smiling

3 months

Rolling onto one side

Batting at objects

Making vocal sounds when talked to

Visually following a person

4 months

Head only slightly lagging  with pulling

No fists, hands remain mostly opened

Laughing, vocalizations

Turns head to voices

5 months

Puts things into mouth, including their own feet

Grasping object independently

Starts to understand their name

Visually recognizing and forms attachment to caregiver

6 months

Sits while supported by propped hands, Holds head most of the time

Shakes toys, reaches out using one hand

Consonant babbling

Experiencing stranger anxiety

7 months

Starts to bounce

Holds object between fingers and thumb

Attending to music or singing

Looking from caregiver to object when wanting help

8 months

“Commando” crawling

Mirrors tapping an object

Might start saying non specific “mama” or “dada”,

Longer vowel sounds

Recognizing familiar people, Shaking head for “No”

9 months

Starts to creep, starts to pull self up to stand

Banging two objects together

Imitating sounds

Uses sounds to get attention

Around 10 months


Releases cube into a box clumsily

Makes different vocal sounds to communicate feelings

Waves bye

Around 11 months

Standing without help

Throwing object

Using a word with meaning

Looking when name is called


Below is a list of the main gross motor, fine motor, language, and social milestones toddlers from 1 to 3 years of age are expected to achieve:


Gross Motor Milestones

Fine Motor Milestones

Language Milestones

Social Milestones

Around 12 months


Using pincer grasp

Using gestures (e.g., waving, reaching) while making vocal sounds

Showing an object to a caregiver to share interest

Around 13 months

Walking alone



Around 14 months

Standing without pulling up


Pointing to objects to show interest

Exploring toys using trial and error

Around 15 months


Building a small, three-block tower

Using 3-5 words, pointing to one body part

Hugging a caregiver back

Showing empathy

Around 16 months

Walks up stairs with support, leading with the same foot. 


Around 18 months



Using 10-25 words

Naming pictures, pointing to 3 body parts and to people

Using simple pretend play

Around 20 months


Asking for more


Around 22 months


Building a larger, six-block tower


Possibility of showing defiant behavior

Around 24 months

Walking down steps, two feet per step, while holding rail

Kicking a ball

Imitating a vertical crayon line

Stringing beads 

Speaking two-word sentences

Engaging in parallel play

Around 28 months

Walking on toes

Unscrewing a jar lid

Beginning to use pronouns

Reduction in separation anxiety

Around 33 months


Saying first and last name

Taking turns

Around 36 months

Catching a ball

Using a tricycle

Copying a circle

Unzipping a zipper

Speaking two- to three-word sentences, counting to 3

Sharing without prompting


Where can I find more information if my child has not achieved important milestones?

Development is not the same for every child. Some children might walk earlier, others might talk earlier. A delay in one developmental area is not always a cause for concern.

However, if you are concerned about your child, additional information can be found at "I worry about my child, but how do I know what is going on?".

You can also find more information by pointing your phone camera at the QR code below or by clicking here.



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